Too many concerts by dilettantes?

In answer to the question of why there were too many concerts in Berlin (the topic of my previous post), some critics blamed the women pianists who only put on concerts in order to get “certified” as having braved Berlin before returning home to become a piano teacher. To test the validity of this theory/assumption, I tried to identify all the pianists who gave solo piano concerts in 1907. There are 121 individuals on my list; 58 are women (48%). There are 12 names (10%) for which my search didn’t find anything to indicate a further career, either in performance or teaching–and 10 of these are women.

If those 12 were the “unknowns” of 1907, then the “knowns” far out numbered them. At least 40 pianists on this list were included in various publications on “great” pianists in the early twentieth century, and I count at least 25 more who were famous in a more regional context.

The table below shows whether the pianist was included in the piano lexicons of Breithaupt (1912) and/or Niemann (1919), whether they made a Welte-Mignon piano roll recording, the date(s) of the 1907 performance, and their teacher. The names of the “unknowns” are in capital letters.

Reference Works Consulted, with links:
Breithaupt, Rudolf Maria. Die natürliche Klaviertechnik, Volume 1. Leipzig: C.F. Kahnt, 1912.
Niemann, Walter. Meister Des Klaviers: Die Pianisten Der Gegenwart Und Der Letzten Vergangenheit. Berlin: Schuster & Loeffler, 1919.
Baker, Theodore, and Nicolas Slonimsky. Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. New York : G. Schirmer, 1958.
Brower, Harriette. Piano Mastery, 1915.
Cooke, James Francis. Great Pianists on Piano Playing: Godowsky, Hofmann, Lhevinne, Paderewski and 24 Other Legendary Performers. Philadelphia, Theodore Presser Company, 1917.

 DatesN, BWM1907Teacheremployment
ACKERMANN, ALFRED23.1
Adams-Buell, Robert1883-NWM11.2KrauseMilwaukee
Ailbout, Hans1879-1957WM20.2Stern Cons.
d’Albert, Eugen1864-1934WM17.1Liszt
Ansorge, Conrad1862-193030.10Liszt
Avani-Carreras, Maria1872-1966NWM6.12
Bauer, Harold1873-1951B31.10Paderewsky
Behrens, Jenny6.3
Beklemmischeff, GregorWM17.12
BENSER-BRUHN, GRETA6.3
Berg, Eldegarde4.12Breslau
Bergwein, Marie1879-N9.2, 15.11
Berlin, Wina14.3Riga
Beutel, Carl2.4Jonás
BOGEL, VICKY19.12Stavenhagen
Bohm, AnnaN5.12Krause
Bokemeyer, Elisabeth1889-N, B22.10Krause
Bortkiewicz, Sergei1877-1952B5.3Reisenauer
Burmeister, Richard1860-1944BWM7.1, 9.12LisztK-S Cons.
Busoni, Ferruccio1866-192424.1, 5.4
Calzin, Alfred L.1885-B27.2, 7.12Jonás
Carril, Hugo delN, BWM26.3Carreño
Cernikoff, Wladimir1882-WM25.4
Carreño, Teresa1852-1917N, BWM22.3
Cionca, AureliaNWM20.3Reisenauer
CLEMENS, LOUISE29.10
COCORESCU, MADELEINE25.10Sauer
CUKIER, JADWIGA4.3Teichmüller
Curzon Smith, Nellie18.3
Davies, Fanny1861-1934B, NWM8.1
Dohnányi, Ernst von1877-1960B, NWM15.1Hochschule
Drewett, Nora1882-1960N, B11.4, 8.12Stavenhagen
Drossdoff, Wladimir1882-1960NWM11.10Leschetizsky
Dubois, MarieN, BWM8.3, 25.11, 7.12
Edger, LouisWM17.3Da Motta
Eisner, Bruno1884-1978N19.11
Elvyn, Myrtle1886-1975N, BWM15.2Godowsky
Foerster, Anton1867-1915N13.4, 13.11KrauseStern
Freudenberg, Günther25.3Stern
Friedman, Ignaz1882-1948N, BWM10.1, 14.2, 11.3Leschetizsky, Busoni
Frey, Emil1889-1946N15.12DiémerMoscow Cons.
Gabain, Anna von1866-N28.2Carreño
Galston, Gottfried1879-1950NWM16.10, 30.10, 12.11, 4.12, 21.12Leschetizsky, BusoniStern
Gipser, Else1875-1925N7.2, 3.1Leschetizsky, KwastStern
Godowsky, Leopold1870-1938WM30.1, 15.3, 14.11
Goldenweiser, Alexander1875-1961WM22.1Moscow Cons.
Goldschmidt, Paul1882-1917N21.2, 8.4, 17.10Leschetizsky, Schnabel
Grave-Jonás, Else vonN31.1, 26.11
Grosz, Gisella1875-1942N, B27.11, 21.12
Günzburg, Mark1879-NWM27.9Carreño
Gundlach, GeorgN9.2
Hall, Elsie1877-1976
Heinemann, Käthe1891-1975NWM18.10
HEINEMANN, MARIANNE12.1
Heyman, Katherine Ruth1877-194419.12
Horszowski, Mieco1892-1993N12.10Leschetizsky
Hufeld, AlbertN12.11
Hugen, Maria11.4
L'HUILLER, MARIANNINA27.3
Jonas-Stockhausen, Ella1883-1967N, BWMLeschetizsky
Kahl-Decker, Maria18.12Stavenhagen
Kestenberg, Leo1882-1962N15.1BusoniStern
Kirsch, Hedwig1884-1920BWM19.1Klindworth
Kleeberg, Clotilde1866-1909B, NWM17.1
Klimek, HedwigN6.12
Klum, Hermann1873-NWM21.11Leschetizsky
Koch, Emma1860-1945NWMLisztStern
Küntzel, MarthaN, B14.12Carreño
Laidlaw, Anna5.11
Lafont, Hermann1873-NWM10.10StavenhagenStern
Lamond, Frederic1868-1948NWM18.1, 15.2, 6.3, 18.11, 11.12LisztStern
Lange, Elisabeth1884-19656.11Schwerin
Leginska, Ethel1886-1970N12.11Leschetizsky
Lerner, Tina1889-1946N5.3Paderewsky
Lorey-Mikorey, Carola1884-B12.2Stavenhagen
Lütschg, Waldemar1877-1945BWM17.12
MATTHES, ELLA18.12
Medtner, Nicolai1880-1951N11.5
Morvay, Susanne25.10
Morsztyn, Komtesse Helene1888-1953N, BWM12.1Leschetizsky
NIEMEIER, VILMA9.1
Panthès, Marie1871-1955N, B8.2
Pauer, Max1866-1945B19.10Stuttgart
Popoff, Wladimir von1873-NWM10.3GodowskyStern
Potjes, Eduard20.12Portugal
Powell, John H.1882-196328.12Leschetizsky
Pütz, Egon1877-N10.10Pugno, Carreño
Reifmann, Felicitas15.3SchnabelStern
Reinhold, ArturN, B16.10Reisenauer
Reisenauer, Alfred1863-1907N, BWM9.3LisztLeipzig Cons.
Rider-Possart, Cornelia1865-1963B2.4
Ripper, Alice1883-1961BWM30.10Menter
Risler, Edouard1873-1929NWM9.10
Romaine, NinonN16.11TeichmüllerToledo
Roy-Höhnen, Lillid. 1942N5.3Breslau
Sapellnikoff, Wassily1867-1941B17.2
Sauer, Emil1862-1942BWM22.10Liszt
Schaievitch, Wladimir1888-194628.2Stern
SCHEIBEL, GERTRUD7.3
Schelling, Ernest1876-1939B5.10Paderewsky
Schnabel, Artur1882-1951N, B23.1, 23.11Leschetizsky
Schneer, Nicolai3.12
Sieveking, Martinus1867-1950N20.12Leschetizsky
Schnitzer, Germaine1887-1982BWM18.10, 31.10Pugno, Sauer
Slottko, Theresed. 19532.12, 15.3Ansorge
Solty, Hans1884-1970N2.12KrauseStern
Springer, Gisela1869-1941?N25.1, 14.11, 12.12BreithauptVienna
Stebel, Paula1885-1932BWM5.12Carlsruhe
Stefaniai, Emeric1885-1959N, B3.1, 14.3, 18.12
Suart, EvelynN, B22.11Godowsky
Szántó, Theodor1877-1934N, BBusoni
Thiele, Paul G.18.10Heidelberg
Töpfer-Nechansky, Mena26.10
Toms, Gwendolyn5.1
Vecsei, Desidir1.12
Voss, Otto1875-1946N, B13.11, 11.12LeschetizskyStern
WAD, EMANUEL3.10
Weiss, Josef1864-1945NWM18.2LisztStern
Weitzig, Hans1875-N19.2Von Usedom
Zadora, Michael von1882-1946NWM29.11Busoni, LeschetizskyStern
Zwintscher, Rudolf1871-1946N26.1Leipzig
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