Concerts in November 1907

A bumper crop of violinists

There were 180 concerts this month. One of the highlights was the debut of eighteen-year-old violinist Efrem Zimbalist, who gave three concerts and won unanimous praise from the critics. His programs included the Brahms Violin Concerto; his performance almost forty years later with Koussevitsky and the Boston Symphony Orchestra can be heard here. But fellow teenagers Mischa Elman, Franz von Vecsey, Vivien Chartres, Kathleen Parlow, and Edith von Voigtländer also gave concerts that month! And of course there were adults to compete with, including giants Henri Marteau and Pablo de Sarasate.

Gottfried Galston outstays his welcome

In November Gottfried Galston (1879-1950) was the soloist with the Philharmonic on a subscription concert (playing the Brahms d minor Piano Concerto), and also gave two of his series of five concerts, each made up of works by a single composer. Rudolf Breithaupt, who besides being a critic had his own piano school in Berlin, got fed up with the excessive concertizing. “Galston has character. He has energy, tenacious stamina and has practiced a lot and learned a lot…but he belongs to the unproductive, to the musically less gifted, whose appeal as an instrumentalist is not able to make up for the lack of artistic substance.”1“Galston hat Charakter. Er hat Energie, zähe Ausdauer und hat viel geübt und viel gelernt…aber er gehört zu den unproductive, zu den musikalisch Minderbegabten, deren Instrumentelle Reize für den Mangel an künstlerischen Gehalt night zu entschädigen vermögen.” Die Musik VII.7 (1907): 62. Galston, a student of Leschetizsky and Busoni, had been playing concerts in Berlin for several years, and taught at the Stern Conservatory. He was based in Munich for more than a decade, and like so many other virtuosos, ended up in the U.S., teaching at the St. Louis Institute of Music from 1927 to his death.

Pianists Evelyn Suart and Ethel Leginska were both from England. Suart (1881-1950) studied with Raoul Pugno and Leschetizsky. Information about her is scarce, but she got good reviews, and judging from her programs (she gave the British premiere of Rachmaninoff’s first Piano Concerto in 1900), she was adventurous. Her main claim to fame today is as Yehudi Menuhin’s mother-in-law (his second wife was her daughter Diana), and also as pianist Louis Kentner’s mother-in-law (his second wife was her daughter Griselda Gould).

In contrast, Ethel Leginska (real name Leggins; 1886-1970) made headlines well into the 1920s. After study with Leschetizsky she had a long and successful career as a performer, but over the years “went missing” at least three times before concerts, which sparked massive publicity and search efforts. Apparently suffering amnesia, she would be found days later in a distant location.
Leginska retired from performing in 1926 in order to focus on her composing and conducting. She composed orchestral music and operas, and conducted both all over the U.S. and Europe, including the Berlin Philharmonic in 1924. She also founded the Boston Philharmonic Orchestra (1926-27) and the Boston Woman’s Symphony Orchestra (1926-1930).2See Paula Conlon, “Leginska, Ethel,” American National Biography Online

Busstag and Mendelssohn

The 60th anniversary of Mendelssohn’s death was observed with a ceremony and concert on 4 November. “Busstag,” a religious day of repentance at the end of the church season, fell on November 20th. In place of regular concerts or operas there were oratorios and sacred choral music. This year there were simultaneous performances of Mendelssohn’s Elias, one at the Theater des Westens with an advertised 250 musicians, and the other at the Lessing Theater with 300 musicians, both at 8 pm. (Elias and Paulus were also traditional for Holy Week.) The Philharmonisches Chor under Siegfried Ochs performed the Berlioz Requiem as its Busstag offering.

Made to be as good as old

Several prominent violinists and the cellist Anton Hekking gave a concert that put the instruments of “Neu-Cremona” to the test. These were new instruments made according to the specifications of a Dr. Max Grossmann, who claimed his violins were indistinguishable from the ones made by the old Cremona masters. The Musical Courier‘s Arthur Abbell was enthusiastic, but other critics wished the concert had included a direct comparison of the old and new instruments. Another critic pointed out that Dr. Grossmann’s instruments were extremely expensive.

The interest in reviving old music was in evidence this month. One could hear instrumental works by J.S., C.P.E., and W.F. Bach, as well as “Italian masters.” Vocal music included Scarlatti, Durra, and a performance of La serva Padrona (in German). The Société des concerts d’Instruments anciens, led by Henri Casadesus from Paris, gave two concerts. They had been making regular visits to Berlin for several years. Henri and his brother Marius were discredited decades later for having written works that they claimed to have found in archives. The most notorious of these is the so-called “Adélaïde” Concerto, supposedly by Mozart.

Another spurious violin concerto by Mozart was on a November program: the Philharmonic’s concertmaster Anton Witek played the premiere of the “Seventh” Concerto on a popular Philharmonic concert. This work had been added to the Köchel catalogue as no. 271a and published by Breitkopf & Härtel in an edition by Dr. Albert Kopfermann, director of the Königliche Bibliothek in Berlin. There were debates in the music journals about its authenticity. Most of the violinists queried (Marteau, Holländer, Halir) did not believe Mozart could have written the solo part, at least. One skeptical critic wrote that “it was the spirit of the spirit of Mozart.”3“Für oder Wider?” Neue Musik-Zeitung 29 (1908): 145-49; Alfred Heuß, “Mozart’s siebentes Violinkonzert,” Zeitschrift der internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft 9 (1907-08): 124-25. You can listen and decide for yourself whether it sounds like Mozart:

Mozart, Violin Concerto No. 7 in D major, K. 271a. Performance by Henryk Szeryng, violin Sir Alexander Gibson, cond. New Philharmonia Orchestra, on

Concerts in November

PerformersDareType of EnsembleComposerWorks PerformedLocation
Volkschor11/1ChoralHaydnThe Creation; choir good, but the Neue Berliner Sinfonieorchester was not“Neue Welt” large hall
Liedertafel11/1ChoralStrauss, Hegner
Frederic Lamond and Dessau11/1ChamberBeethoven1st of 3 Beethoven evenings of all violin sonatasSaal Bechstein
Russisches Trio11/1Chamber
Frances Alda11/1MixedTchakovsky, italian opera ariasAlexander Birnbaum, cond, BPPhilharmonie
Kathleen Parlow11/1ViolinGlazunov, BeethovenWieniawsky, Perpetuum mobile Paganini; 4thBlüthner Saal
Franz Naval11/1VoiceSchubert, Brahms, StraussDurra (MS) opera singer, new to concert hall, Scarlatti, PergoleseSingakademie
Tilly Koenen11/1VoiceSchubert, Brahms, Strauss, WeingartnerBeethovensaal
Brussels Quartet11/2ChamberBeethovenGesellschaft der MusikfreundeChoralion Saal
Susanne Morvay11/2MixedWith Valerie Thoman, voice, 2ndKlindworth-Scharwenka Saal
Florenz Werner, conductor11/2OrchBrahms, BrucknerBrahms 1, Bruckner 9 with BPPhilharmonie
Max Pauer11/2PianoBach, Beethoven, Brahms, SchumannItalian concerto, Op. 111, Schumann op. 11Beethovensaal
Arthur Hartmann11/2Violin2ndMozartsaal
Hjalmar Frey11/2VoiceSibelius, Hans HermannTchaik, R-K. Balakirev, JarnefeltSaal Bechstein
Halir Quartet11/3ChamberBrahmsGeorg Schumann, piano
Horn Trio; A minor quartet; B-flat sextet
Mara Lennah11/3Voice2ndKlindworth-Scharwenka Saal
Robert Spörry11/3VoiceSchubertMatineeSaal Bechstein
Julius Klengel11/4CelloOtto Weinreich, piano; 2 sonatas by NicodéKlindworth-Scharwenka Saal
Karl Panzner concert11/4MixedBeethovenSoloists Lula Mysz-Gmeiner and Russian Trio, 2ndMozartsaal
Mendelssohn’s 60th Todestag-Stern11/4MixedStern Gesang Verein, Oskar Fried; Burmester
violin concerto; Lobgesang not a happy choice (signale)
Emil Sauer11/4PianoLast concert: he is good at the big picture, easy to complain about the detailsBeethovensaal
Hekking Trio11/5ChamberBeethovenLolo Barnay; Rubinstein Trio, VieuxtempsBeethovensaal
Nicolas Medtner11/5CompositionMargarethe Weißbach, voice; expectations for his futureSaal Bechstein
Henri Marteau with Dortmund Philharmonic11/5OrchSinding Violin Concerto, Beethoven, Brahms, StraussGeorg Hüttner conducting
Beethoven Egmont, Brahms 4, Till Eulenspiegel
fantastic orchestra (Laser NMZ 85)
Anna Laidlaw11/5Pianofrom ParisSaal Bechstein
J. Mitnitzsky11/5ViolinWith Mozart orch.: very young, shouldn’t be playing concerts yetBlüthner Saal
Hetta von Schmidt, voice Elisabeth Lange, piano11/6MixedBlüthner Saal
premiere of Mozart’s “7th” Violin Concerto11/6OrchD major, Witek, soloist, BPPhilharmonie
Ellen Saatweber-Schlieper11/6Piano2nd, with Mozart orch. Mondel, cond.Mozartsaal
Duet Abend Maria Knüpfer-Egli, Margarete Knüpfer11/6VocalSingakademie
Martin Leeser11/6VoiceHochschule
Hedwig Marck11/6VoiceBeethovensaal
Rose Loening11/6VoiceChoralion Saal
Philharmonischen Trio11/7ChamberSchubert, Brahms, Chopin2nd of Gerhardt, Witek, Malkin; with Luise Geller-Wolter, voice Philharmonie
Société des Concerts d’Instruments anciens, Paris11/7MixedKlindworth-Scharwenka Saal
Gustav Bumcke wind chamber music11/7MixedBeethoven, Mozart2nd concert on 6 feb.; this one with Susanne Dessoir; ReineckeSaal Bechstein
Mozart Orchestra11/7OrchChopin, MozartGünther Freudenberg, piano Blüthner Saal
Efrem Zimbalist11/7Violinwith BP, KunwaldBeethovensaal
Paula Weinbaum11/7VoiceBrahmsher technique is only good for declamation, not for singing (Die Musik)Singakademie
Joseph Schlembach11/8VoiceSchubertLoewe, HermannSaal Bechstein
Antonia Dolores11/8Voice“Daughter of the famous Trebelli”Beethovensaal
Nora Clench Quartet11/9ChamberDohnányi, Trio Serenade C majorDebussy’s “very difficult g minor quartet” also Ernest WalkerSaal Bechstein
Marteau and Dohnanyi11/9ChamberBeethoven3 violin sonatas, 1st concertMozartsaal
Lehrer Singverein11/9ChoralVolkslieder concertPhilharmonie
Paul Kuczynski11/9CompositionKuczynskiCond. Traugott Ochs, presented by the Paul K. stiftung; Soloists, chorus, BPSingakademie
Leo Gollanin11/9VoiceErich J. Wolff, piano, some of his lieder, also Schubert, Brahms Blüthner Saal
Benefit concert at Zoo11/9MixedNoisy audience (MC)
Société des Concerts d’Instruments anciens, Paris11/10MixedHasse, Leseur; this group is known to us from earlier concertsKlindworth-Scharwenka Saal
Steinman child trio11/11Chamber13, 12, 10 yrs old: Kurt, Helmut (cello) Wolfram (piano)Singakademie
II. Philharmonic with Nikisch11/11OrchBrahmsGottfried Galston, 1st piano concerto
Felix Senius, Berliner Lehrer-Gesangverein
Efrem Zimbalist11/11Violin2ndBeethovensaal
Richard Koennecke11/11Voice2ndMozartsaal
Ilona K. Durigo11/11VoiceDr. Jeno Kerntier pianoSaal Bechstein
Albert Hulfeld11/12MixedWith Eva Lessmann, Conrad Ansorge
Gottfried Galston11/12PianoChopinSingakademie
Sara Gurowitsch11/12CelloSaint-SaensMozart orch. cond. Georg SchumannBlüthner Saal
Ethel Leginska11/12PianoBach, Beethoven, SchumannEnglish; should have less sentiment and more techniqueSaal Bechstein
Lula Mysz-Gmeiner11/12VoiceSchubert, Brahms, WolfBehm, pianoBeethovensaal
Gertraut Langbein11/13Mixedwith Oskar Schubert, Behm
Petersburg Quartet11/13ChamberBeethoven, Glazunov op. 64 in A, Schillings e minorLeichtentritt (Signale 1209) likes Schillings better
he thinks Glazunov sounds like ‘maskierte salonmusik’
Otto Voss11/13PianoChoralion Saal
Anton Foerster11/13PianoSchumann1st of 3: Schumann op. 11; he works very hard, goes to the limit of the talent he has, just can’t find the soul of the pianoSaal Bechstein
Julia Culp11/13VoiceBrahmsBeethovensaal
Florian Zajic and Heinrich Grünfeld11/14Chamber1st subscription concert, with Mary Münchhoff and othersSingakademie
Wagner Abend by Mozart Orchestra11/14MixedWagnerBlüthner Saal
Gisela Springer11/14PianoWeber, Liszt, Bach, Beethoven, Mozart, Schumannnot quite ready for concertizingSaal Bechstein
Godowsky11/14PianoBeethoven Bach, Schumann, SchubertOp. 109 “gowdowskized”Beethovensaal
Franz von Vecsey11/14ViolinBach, Dvorak, Vieuxtempswith BP, Bach E major
Dvorak a minor, Vieuxtemps d minor
Susanne Dessoir11/14VoiceStrauss, Wolf, Weingartner, RegerBruno Hinze-ReinholdMozartsaal
Lissi Kurz11/15Voice
Lucie Harden-Cervini u. Max Giesswein11/15MixedLucie piano, Max HeldentenorChoralion Saal
Willi Kevitsch, soprano11/15mixedJuanita Norden, violinSaal Bechstein
Marie Bergwein11/15PianoSchumann ChopinNot lyrical enoughBeethovensaal
Pablo de Sarasate11/15Violinw/ Berthe Marx Goldschmidt: she was better than he was (signale)Philharmonie
Lamond u. Dessau Beethoven11/16Chamber2ndSaal Bechstein
Leontine de Ahna11/16VoiceBrahms, Wolf, Weingartner
Leonie Born11/16mixedFritz Becker, celloKlindworth-Scharwenka Saal
Ninon Romaine11/16PianoLiszt, GriegLiszt E-flatSingakademie
Sophie Heymann-Engel11/16VocalLa Serva Padrona and Der Betrogene Kadi by Gluck
Anna Stephan11/16VoiceWolf, Loewe, GounodSingakademie
Elsa Müller-Rastatt11/16VoiceWeingartner, Strauss, Schubert, BrahmsAnsorge, LoewengardChoralion Saal
Annemarie Mencke11/17MixedMatinee mezzo with Irene v. Brennerberg, violin
Schnirlin et al.11/17ChamberSchubertBecker, cello; Eisenberger, piano; Susanne Dessoir
Trout Quintet, Trio
Saal Bechstein
Halir Quartet11/17ChamberBrahmsSchubert and Schumann, professors at Hochschule (!)
Clarinet quintet, Piano quintet
Busoni with Mozart Orchestra, Panzner, dress rehearsal11/17OrchLiszt, Strauss, VolkmannWeber Concertstück, Don Juan; Panzner makes the orch sound “half civilized”
Liszt solo pieces
Busoni with Mozart Orchestra, Panzner11/18OrchLiszt, Strauss, VolkmannWeber Concertstück, Don Juan;Liszt solo piecesMozartsaal
Berlioz Requiem rehearsal11/18ChoralOchs, SeniusPhilharmonie
Gustav Lazarus11/18CompositionEva LessmannBeethovensaal
Juan Luria, voice and Joseph Malkin, cello11/18MixedBachC major Cello Suite good reviewSaal Bechstein
Josef Weiss11/18PianoDohnanyi, Liszt, Chopin, WeissD’s 5 Humoresken, Weiss Rhapsodien, Liszt 12 Rhapsodie, Chopin Fantasie F minor and BarcaroleBlüthner Saal
Frederic Lamond11/18PianoBeethovenOp.90, op. 81a, op. 34, op. 126, op. 27 #2, op. 31 #3Singakademie
Ellen Saatweber-Schlieper11/19ChamberBeethoven, StraussGerard Hekking, cello; both fantastic, excellent ensembleMozartsaal
Erk’schen Männergesangverein11/19ChoralHochschule
Anna Reichner-Feiten and Palma von Paszthory11/19Mixedsinger and violinist
Bruno Eisner11/19PianoBeethoven, Chopin, Bach-LisztOp. 101Saal Bechstein
Alexander Heinemann11/19VoiceBeethoven, Schubert, Wolf, Schumann, HermannHe is very successful, belovedBeethovensaal
Grete Hentschel-Schesmer11/19VoiceSchumann, Schubert, FranzDr. Heinrich Potpesohnigg, pianoBlüthner Saal
Chorus of the Royal Opera11/20ChoralWagner, Strauss, MozartParsifal excerpts; Strauss piece; Mozart KyrieKöniglichen Oper
Berlioz Requiem11/20ChoralPhilharmonisches ChorPhilharmonie
Elias11/20ChoralBusstag, Heinemann soloist, Mozart Orch. 250 musiciansLessing Theater
Elias11/20ChoralCond. Märtens, Biden soloist, 300 musiciansTheater des Westens
“Neu Cremona” concert11/21MixedKunstinstrumentenbau-Gesellschaft: Sebald, Richard Hartzer, Fridolin Klinger, Anton HekkingBeethovensaal
Hermann Klum11/21PianoBeethoven, Op. 109, Chopin, LisztBeethoven was good, too nervous for the Liszt B minor sonataSaal Bechstein
Albany Ritchie11/21ViolinChoralion Saal
Johannes Messchaert11/21VoiceSchubert: WinterreiseKahn on pianoSingakademie
Lamond u. Dessau11/22ChamberBeethovenlast concertSaal Bechstein
Evelyn Suart11/22PianoTchaikovsky, Weber BP KunwaldBeethovensaal
Lolo Barnay11/22VoiceBrahms, Grieg, Reimann, JensenDaughter of actor; doesn’t realize how difficult the pieces she chose areSingakademie
Hertha Dehmlow11/22VoiceSchubert, Wolf, Jensen, FranzBlüthner Saal
Lilli Lehmann11/22VoiceSchubertSchöne Müllerin; completely full, crazed fans, wanted encores. 1st of 4Philharmonie
Max Vogrich11/23Piano
Margarete Lieban-Gross11/23VoicePhilharmonie
Laura Titze-Krone piano, Géza von Kresz violin11/23ChamberBruchToo long, violinist better than pianistBlüthner Saal
Mr. and Mrs. Schnabel11/23MixedSchumannHis sound is so clear and transparent but is no genius (Junker in Signale)Beethovensaal
Edith von Voigtlaender11/23Violin14 yrs old; she can even do Bach without damaging it; should have quite a careerMozartsaal
Adila von Aranyi11/23ViolinMozart, BeethovenJoachim VariationsSingakademie
Elsa Schüler11/23VoiceKlindworth-Scharwenka Saal
Verdi Requiem, Dress Rehearsal11/24ChoralSingakademie
Verdi Requiem11/24ChoralSingakademie
Ernst von Possart, Strauss’s Enoch Arden11/24VocalCornelia Rider-Possart, pianoBeethovensaal
Wagner Verein Berlin Potsdam dress rehearsal11/24MixedWagner, Parisfal excerpts, Bruckner 9th symphony, Te DeumDir. Stavenhagen, soloists Culp and othersPhilharmonie
Wagner Verein Berlin and Potsdam11/25MixedWagnerDir. Stavenhagen, soloists Culp and othersPhilharmonie
Marie Dubois11/25PianoBach, Beethoven, SchumannCarnavalSaal Bechstein
Joseph Weiss11/25PianoBrahms“popular” concert: Handel and Paganini variations, op. 119, op. 117Blüthner Saal
Mischa Elman11/25ViolinBeethovenKarl Panzner; good review BBZ: played with “erstaunlicher Beseelung"Mozartsaal
Vivien Chartres11/25ViolinBruch g minor, e minor Mendelssohn, other smaller works, 3rd concertSingakademie
Elyda Russell11/25VoiceBrahms, Schumann, Kahn, Sibelius, GriegBeethovensaal
Sergei von Bortkiewicz11/26Piano
Waldemar Meyer Quartet11/26ChamberBachPaul Weingarten, piano; Richard Steinfeld op. 18 quartet; d minor concerto by Bach for 2 violins; Dvorak a major piano quintetSingakademie
Friedrich Kiel-Bund11/26ChamberKlingler QSaal Bechstein
Ella Jonas11/26PianoWonderful (Die Musik)Beethovensaal
Mitja Itkis11/26Violin10 years old from RussiaKlindworth-Scharwenka Saal
Alberto Curci11/26ViolinCorelli, PaganiniLa FoliaMozartsaal
Ella Müller-Rastatt11/26VoiceSchumann, Wolf, Franz2ndChoralion Saal
Bohemian Quartet11/27ChamberKaun, Schubert, BeethovenKaun Q first timeBeethovensaal
Grieg Abend11/27MixedGriegArthur Hartmann, Anton Sistermans, Moritz Mayer MahrBlüthner Saal
Société for Concerts d’Instruments anciens11/27MixedChoralion Saal
Gottfried Galston11/27PianoLiszt4thSingakademie
Othilia Ejler-Jensen u. Karl Reichel11/27VocalKlindworth-Scharwenka Saal
Francesco d'Andrade11/27Voice“only concert”Mozartsaal
Maria Seret11/27VoiceKaun, MahlerNew liederSaal Bechstein
Lehrer-Gesangverein11/28Choralrepeat of the Volkslieder KonzertBlüthner Saal
Maurice Arnold11/28CompositionSymphony in f minorfrom New York; also conducts Mozart orch; Nzfm/MW almost entirely negative review; DM positiveBlüthner Saal
Helene Wolff11/28MixedSchubert, Brahms, Weingartnerw/Alexander SebaldSaal Bechstein
Philharmonic Orchestra11/28OrchCPE Piano Concerto (1st time)Schrattenholz and Hinze Reinhold Leo’s first time conductingPhilharmonie
Conrad Ansorge11/28PianoBeethoven, Schumann, Schubert, ChopinSchumann Symphonic Etudes; Eroica Variations; B minor sonataMozartsaal
Fanny Opfer11/28VoiceKahnRobert Kahn lieder with harmonium acc. also Karl Kämpf lieder, acc. by the composerSingakademie
Lili Menar11/29VoiceBrahms, Wolf, Loewe, Franz
Meta Zlotnicka11/29MixedSchumann, Schubert, BrahmsLeft a lot to be desired (Nzfm/MW) w/Willy Deckert, celloKlindworth-Scharwenka Saal
Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde11/29Mixed“Italienische Meister” Certani, violinBlüthner Saal
4th Königliche Kapelle Weingärtner11/29OrchRegerterrible violin piece by Otto Neitzel, Dessau, soloist;
Max Reger Variations on a Merry Theme by Adam Hiller
Königlichen Oper
Michael von Zadora11/29PianoRaff, WF Bach, Busoni, LisztGood review MW/NzfM, bravura Singakademie
Willy Burmester11/29ViolinRaff, Scharwenka, Wieniawski2nd pop concert with Emeric StefaniaiPhilharmonie
Antoinette Chialchia11/29ViolinMozart, Bruch, Wieniawskiwith BP; she is promising, got a good reception (MW) Beethovensaal
Anna Gaertner11/30MixedBrahms, FranzW/Amalie Birnbaum, violin; dark mezzo good (MW)Saal Bechstein
Efrem Zimbalist11/30ViolinTchaikovskyLandon Ronald conducting BP, Lalo S.E. Beethovensaal
Martha Kempner-Hochstädt11/30VocalMelodramen AbendArchitektenhaus
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One thought on “Concerts in November 1907

  1. The reason it is unlikely to be Mozart is that it is boring. He wrote more interesting music when he was six.

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