Based in Berlin in 1907

Directory of musicians in Berlin in 1907

Arthur M. Abell

Abell was Berlin correspondent for the Musical Courier from 1893-1918. Studied violin with Halir. Author of Talks With Great Composers: Candid Conversations with Brahms, Puccini, Strauss and Others, 1955.  

Frequent soloist with Berlin Philharmonic, starting with 22.1.1883.

1918 Vienna

Eugen d’Albert
  • first Berlin performances: 30.11.1883; 17.10.94
  • taught at Klindworth-Scharwenka Conservatory 1898

1927

Taught violin at Klindworth-Scharwenka Conservatory for almost 25 years

  • taught at the Hochschule from 1871-1921
Heinrich Barth, 1912

Composer and pianist, b. Stettin. Said to have studied with Brahms in 1890. Faculty member of several Berlin conservatories, including Klindworth-Scharwenka. Multiple Mendelssohn Prize recipient (1888, 1890, 1891). Performed with the Berlin Philharmonic 6.1.1890. Had multiple works premiered. Was known as an excellent accompanist. 

In Berlin in 1927

Last time conducting the Philharmonic was 12.2.1953!

in Berlin in 1927

Russian composer, in Berlin from 1904-1914

  • from Leyden, Holland; studied at the Hochschule with Rudorff and Barth 1895-6;
  • part of the 9.11.1896 premiere of Brahms, Vier ernste Gesänge with Anton Sistermans.
  • First performance with Philharmonic 1.2.1897.
  • Accompanied Ludwig Wüllner, Elena Gerhardt, Julia Culp in Berlin and on their tours in the U.S.

1918 New York

1927 in Berlin

Breithaupt studied with Teichmüller at Leipzig Conservatory; started reviewing 1898, moved to Berlin in 1901. Wrote pedagogical works on piano technique and had a school in Berlin.

Hungarian. Studied with Grün at Vienna Cons. and Marsick at Paris Cons. Debut in 1890, settled in Berlin 1898, taught at Klindworth-Scharwenka. 

Sophie Drinker Lexikon

Taught at the Hochschule.

Max Bruch

From Chicago. Teachers Schnabel, Leschetizsky, debut 1901, in Berlin until 1914. 

Bumcke was a saxophone evangelist, started teaching at Stern Conservatory in 1901. Published 2 quartets for saxophones in 1907.

Teresa Carreño

first Philharmonic concert 18.11.1889; last was in 1916.

  • From the US
  • studied with Busoni; soloist with Boston SO 1902;
  • marriage to Edgar A. Gerst in 1912.
  • Performances in New York in 1906, 1907, 1912, 1918, 1920-23.

Performances in New York 1913-17.

Attended Hochschule, Hausmann student, cellist in the Halir Quartet (1893-1909) and Piano Trio with Halir and Georg Schumann. Taught at Stern and Klindworth-Scharwenka.

Violinist, composer. Joachim student at Hochschule 1878-79; Concertmaster of the Königliche Kapelle 1898-?; Dessau Quartet 1902-ca. 1910; taught at Stern.

  • Oratorio and Lied singer who studied with Amalie Joachim, Blanche Corelli, Etelka Gerster
  • Married in 1899 to Max Dessoir
  • taught at Stern.
Susanne Dessoir

Taught at Hochschule 1905-1915; soloist with Philharmonic first on 12.10.1900 and last on 5/6.11.1938. 1907 was a very good year for Dohnányi as a composer. The following works were performed in Berlin:

  • 4 Rhapsodies for piano op. 11 (1903)
  • Serenade in C major, op. 10 (1904)
  • Lieder 
  • 5 Humoresken (1907)
  • Cello Sonata (1899)
  • Piano Concerto No. 1 (1898)
  • String Quartet No. 2, Op. 15 (1907)

Violist of the Wietrowetz Quartet; attended Hochschule, Mendelssohn Prize recipient 1904.

Student of Anton Rubinstein, married pianist Gottfried Galston; teacher to the Crown Princess in Berlin. Advocate for Schenker.

Sophie Drinker Lexikon

Severin Eisenberger

Polish child prodigy, based in Vienna, Leschetizsky student. 

Austrian Music Lexicon

Arbiter records

Elgers studied with Halir, Hollaender, Witek.

  • His debut with the Berlin Philharmonic was on 11.10.1902.
  • Director, Eichelberg Cons. 1906-1911.
  • Taught at the Weimar Conservatory and Stern. 

Praised in 1902 as a true coloratura; married Felix Senius after 1907.

Attended Hochschule, Hausmann student. Taught at Stern; played in the Königliche Kapelle and the Dessau Quartet.

Born in Milwaukee to Dutch and German parents. Studied with Felix Schmidt 1890-92, taught at Stern, returned to the US and taught in Chicago and Milwaukee. First sang on a  Philharmonic concert in 1891.

  • student of Joachim 1874-77
  • teacher of the Crown Prince in the 1880s
  • taught at Stern Cons.

Studied at Leipzig conservatory (Krause), taught in 1898 at Stern, 1904-08 at Klindworth-Scharwenka; debut with Philharmonic 16.12.1905; went to teach in Chicago in 1908.
Died in Trieste.

Swiss; R. Freund teacher in piano and composition, Diémer and Widor in Paris; 1907-12 Hofpianist in Berlin. Concert 4.2.1913. 1912-1917 Moscow Conservatory; composed all genres of music (Moser Lexikon)

Fried conducted many Mahler works in Berlin. He first conducted the Berlin Philharmonic  20.3.1905; in 1907 conducted the Stern Gesangverein, and became director of the Berlin Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde concerts.

1918 Berlin

1927

Ignaz Friedman (1882-1948)

Studied with Leschetizsky and Busoni but also musicology with Adler and Riemann. Except for during the WWI, he was based in Berlin from 1905-1930. 

1927

From Vienna, taught 1903-07 at Stern; debut with Philharmonic 5. 10.1901

1918 Munich

Gernsheim taught at Stern Cons. beginning in 1890 and was a member of the Akademie der Künste. His Cello Concerto premiered in 1907.

went to Vienna in 1909 when Busoni did.

1918 New York 

From Frankfurt, student of Leschetizsky and Schnabel. First performance with the Philharmonic 13.2. 1911.

Memoirs: In Dur und Moll. Begegnungen und Erlebnisse aus Fünfzig Jahren. Leipzig: Grethlein, 1923. 

1927

b. Kharkov, Russia, studied with Sapellnikoff, Sauer in Vienna, and Kwast. Taught at Klindworth-Scharwenka for ten years. In 1921 he went to teach at the conservatory in Mexico City, and in 1923 became head of the piano department of the Detroit Institute of Arts.

  • Son of Eugen Gura.
  • Debut as Holländer in Weimar 1890
  • Hofoper Schwerin 1896-1908
  • Took over Komische Oper in 1911 after Hans Gregor left.
  • Sang Beckmesser at Covent Garden 1913
  • 1920-27 director of Helsinki Opera

2nd violinist of the Joachim Quartet from 1897-1907. He kept his own Quartet, which had been giving subscription concerts in Berlin since 1893. He succeeded Heinrich de Ahna as concertmaster of the Königliche Kapelle opera orchestra in 1894 and kept that position for ten years. He had a piano trio group with his colleagues at the Hochschule and he maintained his solo career.

From Berlin, where he was based for his whole career, mostly singing lieder and oratorios. First appearance with the Philharmonic 5.2.1894. From 1899 taught at Stern. Performances in New York 1910-12. Made many recordings.

A founding member of the Philharmonic, in which he played from 1882-1900 with interruptions for tours abroad. Played with the Boston Symphony Orchestra.

at the Berlin Kgl. Oper from 1907-1912, then at the Met.

1927

  • student of Reisenauer
  • Berlin Phil soloist 29.11.1900; 22.1.1903; 20/21.2.1936

  • Taught at Stern Cons. 1907
  • Director of Weimar Cons. 1916

Pianist and pedagogue, b. Madrid.

  • pupil of Mendizabal
  • studied at Brussels & St. Petersburg Conservatory
  • 1894 taught at Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • 1898-1904 head of Michigan Conservatory in Detroit
  • Taught from 1904-14 in Berlin, then in New York City.

1918 New York

Attended the Hochschule, awarded a Mendelssohn stipendium in 1896 and then taught there starting in 1906. A pianist and prolific composer.

Started teaching at the Hochschule in 1893; first appearance with the Philharmonic 15.1.1899. In a piano trio with Hugo Dechert and Carl Halir.

a prolific, popular composer, almost completely forgotten today. Spent most of his career in Milwaukee and in Berlin. 30.3.1889 conducted his 2nd symphony with the Philharmonic. Taught privately but eventually also taught at the Hochschule and Klindworth-Scharwenka.

Memoirs: Aus meinem Leben. Erlebtes und Erlauschtes Autobiographie. B.-Zehlendorf, Linos-Verlag, 1932. Neuauflage Hamburg 1999

1918 Berlin

  • student of Busoni
  • Berlin Phil soloist 4.1.1908; 11.9.1919

  • taught at Klindworth-Scharwenka and Stern Cons. in 1907
Karl Klingler (1879-1971)

student of Joachim, Mendelssohn prize 1900, concert master of Philharmonic 1901-02, teaching at Hochschule 1903, played in the Joachim Quartet in its last years, substituting for Emanuel Wirth; founded his own quartet in 1906; professor at Hochschule from 1910-1933. 

1927 (Quartet)

b. Halle. Bass operatic singer

  • at the Berlin Königliche Oper starting 1898
  • sang at Bayreuth in 1901
  • teacher at the Hochschule
  • London opera 1904
  • Baron Ochs in Der Rosenkavalier.

student of Liszt, taught at Stern 1897-1928; soloist with the Philharmonic first time 29.1.1883.

  • spent her first six years in Java
  • studied at Amsterdam Conservatory with Cornelie van Zanten, went with her to Berlin
  • 1898 Berlin debut
  • 1909-10 tour of America
  • settled in London

1903 first tour of Germany; debut conducting with Philharmonic January 1908.

Background includes law degree from University of Vienna and piano studies with Leschetizsky. Conducted the Philharmonic’s popular concerts from 1907-1912. Successor to Stokowski at the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra in 1912. 

Mendelssohn prize 1897, 1898; debut with Philharmonic, 24.11.1904, last performance there 14.1.1931; teaching at Stern from 1905.

1927

debut with Philharmonic 5.12.1882. 

  • Stavenhagen student
  • taught at Athens Conservatory
  • was pianist for Isadora Duncan
  • taught at Klindworth-Scharwenka and Stern Conservatories
Frederic Lamond

Studied with both Liszt and Hans von Bülow; Berlin debut 17.11.1885; settled in Berlin 1900, was interned in Berlin during WWI; had to leave Germany in 1936 due to hostile stance to the Nazi regime. Gave his last Philharmonic performance 4.1.1938. 

1927

Taught at Stern Cons. 

Dir. Breslau Conservatory 

1918 Berlin

Editor of the Allgemeine Musik-Zeitung from 1881-1907;  was piano soloist with the Philharmonic 23.2.1883; successful composer of lieder; his daughter Eva was a successful soprano.

b. The Hague 24.4.1875. Taught at Klindworth-Scharwenka 1898-1914; member of Philharmonic 1897-99; member of the Holländisches Trio from 1900-1907.  Moved to England in the 1920s.

b. St. Petersburg, where his father was a piano professor; spent most of his career in Berlin. Known for his Schumann interpretations, taught at the Hochschule 1920; died forgotten and in poverty.

Principal cello for Philharmonic, 1902-1907; played in the New York Philharmonic. Brothers Jacques (violinist) and Manfred (pianist).

  • From Switzerland
    Student of Joachim
  • Member of Halir’s Quartet
  • Taught at the Hochschule
  • Berlin concert 17.11.1912

studied with Leschetizsky; debut with Philharmonic 10.11.1898. Married Michael Press in 1907, both in the Russian Trio along with Joseph Press (brother).

Taught at Klindworth-Scharwenka from 1890 on, valued pedagogue. Had a trio with Grünfeld and Wittenberg; ed. Brahms Gesamtausgabe Simrock, Schumann Ausgabe Ullstein, published 3-volume pedagogical work.

1927

Waldemar Meyer (1853-1940) leader of the Berlin “Waldemar Meyer Quartet”

student of Joachim; debut with Philharmonic 17.10.1889; led the long-lived Waldemar Meyer Quartet.

1927 

student of Tausig and Ehlert, edited Der Klavier-Lehrer.

born on the island of St. Thomas, Portuguese West Africa; student of Liszt; debut with Philharmonic 29.1.1883; gave a legendary series of concerts in 1902 in Buenos Aires which included 128 different works, all by memory. Became director of the Lisbon conservatory in 1919. 

Conductor of Berlin Philharmonic subscription concerts from 1895-1922. Called an outstanding accompanist.

Attended Hochschule, Founder and conductor of the Philharmonic Chorus.

Memoirs: Geschehenes, Gesehenes (1922)

1927

  • soprano with unusually high register
  • b. Berlin 24.9.1870
  • Berlin debut 1892
  • taught at Breslau Conservatory
  • Bremen Philharmonic concerts 1899
  • conducted the Mozart Hall Orchestra 1907-08
  • 1909 music director Düsseldorf

Russian, b. Perm; studied with Barth at Hochschule, also with Godowsky; teaches at K-S

Hans Pfitzner

taught at Stern 1900; went to Strassburg 1912.

Taught at Stern, in the Russian Trio with cellist brother Joseph and wife Vera Maurina.

Paul Prill had two brothers who were also musicians. He attended the Hochschule, played cello in Bilse’s Orchestra, then served as Kapellmeister in several cities before coming to Berlin to conduct the Mozart Orchestra concerts in 1907.

Liszt student, founded the Franz Liszt Akademie in Berlin.

Studied composition with Dvorák in Prague; moved to Berlin in 1902 to serve as Kapellmeister at the Königliche Oper, became a director of Klindworth-Scharwenka Conservatory in 1905, where he taught conducting and composition. 

Attended Hochschule, Mendelssohn prize 1902, instructor at Hochschule 1910, Professor 1918.

1927

Taught at Klingworth-Scharwenka 1908-14. Debut with Philharmonic 18.9.1895; with New York Philharmonic 1903; played three concertos on a concert with the Philharmonic 11.2.1904. Became Mrs. E. Lichtenstein of Detroit 1918.

Emil Sauer

Liszt student; debut with Philharmonic 15.1.1885; Was based in Vienna 1901-07, 1915-21, in Dresden 1912.

1918 Dresden

1927

  • Berlin Phil (conducting) 8.2.1923

conducted the Philharmonic’s popular concerts 1904-07; 2nd conductor of the Munich Kaim Orchester (1900-1904); last Philharmonic performance 14.3.1933.

1918 Nuremburg

Studied at the Hochschule with Humperdinck; conducted under Leo Blech at the Kgl. Oper from 1910-19; considered an excellent accompanist; on the Hochschule faculty 1931-1945; joined Nazi party 1932; made 13 films and the Clemens Schmalstich Orchestra made recordings of  operetta and Schlager.

conducted the Lehrer-Verein, taught at the Hochschule.

Critic of the Tageblatt from 1897-1927. 

Artur Schnabel

Born Vienna, Leschetizsky student, moved to Berlin 1898, debut with Philharmonic 17.11.1901; head of piano at the Hochschule in 1924. Last concert with Philharmonic 12.12.1932; debut with New York Philharmonic 1923.

1927

Debut with Philharmonic 1897.

Joachim student, debut with Philharmonic 19.11.1897; various chamber music groups.

Hochschule student of Hausmann,  Mendelssohn prize 1893, 1898; debut with Philharmonic 18.11.1892, taught at Stern 1895, Hochschule.

  • Pianist, Conductor, Composer at Hochschule
  • 75th birthday concert 13.11.1941 Preußische Akademie der Künste

Berliner Philharmoniker article

founded Die Musik in 1901 and Schuster & Loeffler publishing in 1905.

attended Hochschule, Ansorge student; taught at Klindworth-Scharwenka; several performances of his works on Philharmonic concerts. The premiere of the Klavierkonzert in F major was on 7.3.1914 (on that concert Simon also played the Mozart Concerto in B-flat K. 450 and the Liszt A Major Concerto).

The premiere of his Variationen über ein eigenes Thema was on 12.12.1918. Finally, “Urworte” für grosses Orchester, Sopran u. Bass premiered 17.3.1921.

1927

Baritone. Lieder and concert singer. Studied with Stockhausen. Debut with Philharmonic 6.2.1891. 6.1.1895. Frankfurt Museum ConcertBased in Berlin starting in 1904. Taught at Klindworth-Scharwenka.

Born in Königsberg, Bavaria, studied with Krause, taught at Stern, died in Leeds, England. Known as a Liszt specialist.

Born in St. Louis, studied at the Hochschule with Joachim, played in the Chicago SO, where he also had a quartet. Debut with Philharmonic 2.2.1906. Taught at Stern in 1907; joined the New York Philharmonic as concertmaster under Mahler in 1910; conducted in Mahler’s place during his final illness in 1911. 

1918 New York

Very popular lieder singer in 1907. In 1909 married the second son of Prince Philipp zu Eulenburg, Dr. Phil. Sigwart Graf zu Eulenburg, who was a musician.

Hungarian pianist, studied with Dohnányi at the Hochschule, received the Mendelssohn Stipendium in 1906, debut with Philharmonic 1907. Accompanist for Willy Burmester in 1908-09.

From Munich, Hochschule student of Hausmann, Mendelssohn Stipendium recipient 1904, 1905. Cellist for the Wietrowetz Quartet. 

Studied at the universities of Strassburg and Berlin, received his doctorate in 1897. Prolific writer of many books as well as critic for the Klavier-Lehrer as well as the Deutsche Zeitung.

Hofkapellmeister, conducted the Königliche Oper beginning in 1898. Debut conducting the Philharmonic in 1888; last Philharmonic performance 16/17.4.1939.

1918 Berlin

Taught composition at Stern starting in 1892. He wrote for the Berliner Post and Die Musik.

Critic who wrote for the Berliner Börsen Courier starting in 1898; also wrote for Die Musik.

Studied at the Hochschule; debut with Philharmonic as cellist 4.11.1904, as conductor 29.11.1906; conducted the Blüthner Orch. in 1908. Conducted and Played in the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Composed film music for Hollywood from 1925-33. Lived in Berlin thereafter.

Hochschule student, Mendelssohn Stipendium recipient 1903, 05; debut with Philharmonic 5.10.1905; conductor at the Deutsche Oper, wrote and conducted film music.

Memoirs: Aus dem Ghetto in der Freiheit (Marienbad, Czechoslovakia, 1936).

  • American mezzo, debut Berlin 1894, became a favorite of the Kaiser
  • Frankfurt Museum concert 3.2.1899
  • Vienna opera 1894-1903
  • Met 1903-1906
  • played Ortrud and Kundry at 1908 Bayreuth,
  • Clytemnestra at the 1910 London premiere of Elektra
  • Berlin concert 31.10.1912
  • taught 1933-36 American Conservatory. Fontainebleau

Conducted the Königliche Kapelle until 1907, when he went to Vienna to replace Mahler at the Staatsoper. His 2 Violin Sonatas, Op.42 were published in 1907 and No. 2 was performed  twice in 1907. His lieder were also on numerous concerts by singers that year.

Liszt student, child prodigy, was one of the advocates of the Jankó Klavier but returned to the piano in 1907, when he played concerts that were criticised for his eccentric stage mannerisms.

  • debut Berlin Phil 30.12.1890
  • taught at Stern Cons.

Attended Hochschule and taught there from 1901-1912. One of Joachim’s most successful students, Mendelssohn Stipendium recipient,  performed the Brahms Violin Concerto with the Philharmonic 9.12.1885. Her Wietrowetz Quartet had a regular concert series in Berlin.

Gabriele Wietrowetz (1866-1937)

Had an important career in Germany and the U.S. Studied at the Prague Conservatory; concertmaster of the Philharmonic from 1894-1910; he appeared as a soloist with his old orchestra on 17.11.1925. He was concertmaster for the Boston SO from 1909-1920. New York performances as soloist in 1911-13, 1917. He also maintained a piano trio group that included his Danish wife Vita Gerhardt and the one-time principal cellist of the Philharmonic, Joseph Malkin. 

1918 Boston

Born in Breslau, played both a violin concerto and a piano concerto at his debut when 10 years old; Hochschule with Joachim; Mendelssohn Stipendium in 1899, 1901; debut with Philharmonic on 22.11.1902. He led various chamber ensembles in Berlin, including a Trio w/Hekking & Schnabel in 1902, and with Mayer-Mahr and H. Grünfeld in the 1920s. Taught at Stern.

Alfred Wittenberg (1880-1952)

1927

One of the more unclassifiable musicians. Son of conductor Franz Wüllner, began an academic career, Dozent at the University in Münster (1884-87);  then became a successful actor at the Meiningen Theater, then started giving Lieder recitals, specialising in melodrama and declamation. Debut with Philharmonic 21.3.1898, with New York Philharmonic 1909.  Further New York performances 1908-11.

Ludwig Wüllner

1927

Polish, born in NY. Studied with Leschetizsky but mainly a Busoni exponent. Debut with Philharmonic 6.11.1911. Taught at Stern and Klindworth-Scharwenka.

Studied at Prague conservatory; came to Berlin in 1878. Debut with Philharmonic 23.2.1891; longtime chamber music association with cellist Heinrich Grünfeld, was also member of a quartet in Hamburg. 

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